The leaves are changing, the air is getting cooler, and the days are shorter. It must be fall! Fall is a great time to get out in your yard and take care of some gardening tasks before winter comes. There are many jobs that you might have to do in order to ensure your garden looks great to come springtime when everything is blooming again. We’ve created this checklist of fall gardening tasks so that you can stay on top of all the things that need tending to in these final months before cold weather sets in for good!
Sweep leaves and fertilize and mow the lawn
Leaves should be regularly removed from the lawn. Otherwise, rot can develop, which will harm the grassroots. It is best to use a leaves rake. Leaf vacuums are very noisy, usually do just as much work, and also harm or kill insects and small animals such as frogs and hedgehogs. The collected leaves can be spread on beds as frost protection, for example, or used to make compost. Leaves from oak, walnut, chestnut, beech, and sycamore trees rot very slowly and therefore should not be put on the compost, but can rot in an extra area. After removing the leaves, gardeners can apply a calibrated organic fall fertilizer to the lawn and mow it.
At the end of October, it is high time to harvest and store vegetables. It can be preserved for a long time by boiling or drying. If you have an earth cellar, you can store it there for a long time. Green tomatoes will ripen indoors. Herbs can be preserved by drying or freezing.
Pick up fallen fruit and remove fruit mummies
In the fall, many garden owners have plenty of excess fruit. Flawless fruit, like vegetables, can be preserved using various methods; apples, for example, can be processed into juice. Worm-eaten fallen fruit, on the other hand, should be picked up and disposed of in the organic waste garbage can. If it is left lying around, pests could remain in the garden and spread further. Smaller quantities of fruit that are not infested but inedible can be composted.
Manche Obstbäume sind von Fruchtfäule befallen, dabei handelt es sich um eine Pilzkrankheit. Befallene Früchte verfärben sich braun und Schimmel breitet sich kreisförmig aus. Im Herbst bleiben diese Früchte als sogenannte Fruchtmumien am Baum. Das schrumpelig aussehende Obst unbedingt entfernen und am besten in der Bio- oder Mülltonne entsorgen. Sonst verbreiten sich die Sporen des Pilzes weiter im Garten.
Protect sensitive plants from the cold
Not all plants can tolerate the cold. With the right protection of fleece or jute, they will get through the winter well. Roses should be mounded with soil to a height of about 5.9 in before frost. Many potted plants and some herbs should be moved into winter quarters before the first cold snap. Citrus plants in particular do not tolerate sub-zero temperatures.
Ornamental grasses do not need to be cut but should be tied together so that as little moisture as possible enters the heart of the plant. This also prevents the plant from falling apart. Begonias, gladioli, and dahlias need special protection from the cold: their tubers must be dug up and stored in good time.
Prepare pond for winter
In autumn, the garden pond should also be prepared for winter. The main problem during the cold season is the decomposition of organic matter in the pond. It consumes a lot of oxygen, which, however, becomes scarce under a closed ice cover and with insufficient water circulation. Pond owners should therefore carefully remove all dying plant matter, such as water lily leaves and foliage.
Planting flower bulbs and tubs autumn
To make it bloom beautifully next spring, flower bulbs can be planted now. If you want to plant a tub autumnal anyway, you can put bulbs in the pot as the bottom layer.
Maintain tools and equipment
Garden tools and equipment should be thoroughly cleaned and maintained so they will still work next spring. Well-maintained tools last longer – so you save money.